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In Malaysia, enforcement in Rice Grader(LIANGGONG) and determination of rice grading are done as legislated in Padi and Rice Control Act 1994. The criteria used for grading and determining the quality of rice grain is based on its length and whiteness. The content of head rice, length of grain, content of broken rice, and milling degree are the main criteria for grading of rice (BERNAS, 2011). Rice is graded according to eight categories namely, Super Special Tempatan 5, Super Special Tempatan 10, Super(Local), Premium, Standard, Rebus, Pulut and Hancur. The grading is based on 11 characteristics or grading factors. BERNAS is not only responsible for local rice but also imported rice. Mustafa in his interview, says imported rice is from Thai, Vietnam, Pakistan, Myanmar, USA, Australia, Japan and India. In Malaysia, the fragrant rice, Basmati, parboiled and glutinous rice is a part of imported rice.

Main factors used in the current rice grader method by BERNAS are based on the grain composition, milling quality, defectives and moisture. The purpose of grain composition analysis is to determine the percentage of kernel, head rice, big broken, small broken and brewer or chip. Milling quality consists of the whiteness, translucency and the milling degree.The main factors are defectives in rice such as chalk, damage, color, immature, foreign matter, other seed, paddy etc. While the moisture in the rice grain is to determine the amount of water contained in the rice grain . Methodology To identify the determinants for rice grader in this study involved combination of systematic literature review, content analysis and series of interview with domain experts from BERNAS.

Underlying theories and existing rice grader methods and features used from literature were thoroughly reviewed to identify the determinants used previously. Through systematic literature review, eleven works were identified and thoroughly studied. Comparison has been done mainly about the method and features or characteristic of rice that have been used for grading purposes. Determinants are also acquired from series of interview involving domain experts from BERNAS and content analysis of the Padi and Rice Control Act 1994, the main act used for rice production industry. Main objective was to understand the current implementation of rice grader works in Malaysia. Interview was conducted with the quality management division in Jitra and the rice production division in Kompleks Beras BERNAS (KBB) Sungai Baru, Alor Star. Based on the information obtained, determinants which currently used for rice grader were compared with determinants identified from literature.

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